सभी MS DOS कमांड्स की लिस्ट ( भाग-3 )



Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Directs DOS to a labelled line in a batch program.
GOTO label

  label   Specifies a text string used in the batch program as a label.

You type a label on a line by itself, beginning with a colon.


External – DOS 3.0 and above

Enables DOS to display an extended character set in graphics mode.

  xxx      Specifies a code page number.
  /STATUS  Displays the current code page selected for use with GRAFTABL.


External – DOS 2.0 and above

Loads a program that can print graphics.
GRAPHICS [type] [[drive:][path]filename] [/R] [/B] [/LCD]

  type         Specifies a printer type.
               Specifies the file containing information on supported printers.
  /R           Prints white on black as seen on the screen.
  /B           Prints the background in color for COLOR4 and COLOR8 printers.
  /LCD         Prints using LCD aspect ratio.
               Specifies the print-box size, either STD or LCD.

This command uses the file GRAPHICS.PRO which contains information

about the supported printer types.


External – DOS 5.0 and above

Displays command help.
HELP [topic]
  • MS-DOS versions use QBASIC.EXE and QuickHelp files for its help system.
  • PC DOS versions use VIEW.EXE and Information Presentation Facility


Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
IF [NOT] ERRORLEVEL number command
IF [NOT] string1==string2 command
IF [NOT] EXIST filename command

  NOT               Specifies that DOS should carry out the command only
                    if the condition is false.
  ERRORLEVEL number Specifies a true condition if the last program run returned
                    an exit code equal to or greater than the number specified.
  command           Specifies the command to carry out if the condition is
  string1==string2  Specifies a true condition if the specified text strings
  EXIST filename    Specifies a true condition if the specified filename


External – DOS 5.02 and above

Displays status of INTERLNK-INTERSVR redirected drives.
INTERLNK [client=[server]]

    client         Specifies a client drive to redirect to a server drive.
                   Cancels redirection if no server drive is specified.
    server         Specifies a server drive to redirect to a client drive.

    Type INTERLNK with no parameters to show INTERLNK status.

INTERLNK.EXE must be loaded as a device driver in CONFIG.SYS

in order to use this command.


External – DOS 5.02 and above

Provides serial or parallel file transfer and printing capabilities via redirected drives.
INTERSVR [drive:[...]] [/X=drive:[...]] [/LPT[:][n | address]]
    [/COM[:][n | address]] [/baud:rate] [/v] [/b]

    drive:        Specifies the drive(s) to redirect
                  (by default, all drives are redirected).
    /X=drive:     Specifies the drive(s) to exclude.
    /LPT[n]       Specifies a port to scan. (/LPT scans all LPT ports).
    /LPT[address] Specifies a port address to scan.
    /COM[n]       Specifies a port to scan. (/COM scans all COM ports).
    /COM[address] Specifies a port address to scan.
    /BAUD:rate    Set a maximum serial baud rate.
    /B            Displays the INTERLNK server screen in black and white.
    /V            Prevents conflicts with a computer's timer.  Specify this
                  switch if you have a serial connection between computers and
                  one of them stops running when you use INTERLNK.


Copies INTERLNK files from one computer to another, provided that the
computers' serial ports are connected with a 7-wire null-modem cable.


External – DOS 3.1 and above

Joins a disk drive to a directory on another drive.
JOIN [drive1: [drive2:]path]
JOIN drive1: /D

  drive1:        Specifies a disk drive that will appear as a directory on
  drive2:        Specifies a drive to which you want to join drive1.
  path           Specifies the directory to which you want to join drive1. It
                 must be empty and cannot be the root directory.
  /D             Cancels any previous JOIN commands for the specified drive.

Type JOIN without parameters to list currently joined drives.


External – DOS 3.3 and above

Configures a keyboard for a specific language.
KEYB [xx[,[yyy][,[drive:][path]filename]]] [/E] [/ID:nnn]

  xx                      Specifies a two-letter keyboard code.
  yyy                     Specifies the code page for the character set.
  [drive:][path]filename  Specifies the keyboard definition file.
  /E                      Specifies that an enhanced keyboard is installed.
  /ID:nnn                 Specifies the keyboard in use.

KEYB replaces the commands KEYBFR, KEYBGR, KEYBIT, KEYBSP

and KEYBUK from DOS 3.0 to 3.2.


External – DOS 3.0 and above

Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
LABEL [drive:][label]


External – DOS 5.0 and above

Loads a program above the first 64K of memory, and runs the program.
LOADFIX [drive:][path]filename

Use LOADFIX to load a program if you have received the message
"Packed file corrupt" when trying to load it in low memory.


Internal – DOS 5.0 and above

Loads a program into the upper memory area.
LOADHIGH [drive:][path]filename [parameters]
LOADHIGH [/L:region1[,minsize1][;region2[,minsize2]...]]
         [drive:][path]filename [parameters]

            Specifies the region(s) of memory into which to load
            the program.  Region1 specifies the number of the first
            memory region; minsize1 specifies the minimum size, if
            any, for region1.  Region2 and minsize2 specify the
            number and minimum size of the second region, if any.
            You can specify as many regions as you want.
            Specifies the location and name of the program.

parameters  Specifies any command-line information required by
            the program.

/L is only available in DOS 6 and above.


External – DOS 4.0 and above

Displays the amount of used and free memory in your system.
MEM [/CLASSIFY | /DEBUG | /FREE | /MODULE modulename] [/PAGE]

  /CLASSIFY or /C  Classifies programs by memory usage. Lists the size of
                   programs, provides a summary of memory in use, and lists
                   the largest memory block available.
  /DEBUG or /D     Displays status of all modules in memory, internal drivers,
                   and other information.
  /FREE or /F      Displays information about the amount of free memory left
                   in both conventional and upper memory.
  /MODULE or /M    Displays a detailed listing of a module's memory use.
                   This option must be followed by the name of a module,
                   optionally separated from /M by a colon.
  /PAGE or /P      Pauses after each full screen of information.


External – DOS 5.0 and above

Records information about one or more disks.
MIRROR [drive:[ ...]] [/1] [/Tdrive[-entries][ ...]]

  drive:       Specifies the drive for which you want to save information.
  /1           Saves only the latest disk information (does not back up
               previous information).
  /Tdrive      Loads the deletion-tracking program for the specified drive.
  -entries     Specifies maximum number of entries in the deletion-tracking
  /U           Unloads the deletion-tracking program.
  /PARTN       Saves hard disk partition information to a floppy diskette.

MIRROR is licensed from Central Point Software PC Tools


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