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सभी MS DOS कमांड्स की लिस्ट ( भाग-4 )

By: एडिटर   22 September, 2012

dos-commands-list-4

MKDIR or MD

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Creates a directory.
MKDIR [drive:]path
MD [drive:]path

MODE

External – DOS 1.0 and above

Configures system devices..
Printer port:      MODE LPTn[:] [COLS=c] [LINES=l] [RETRY=r]
Serial port:       MODE COMm[:] [BAUD=b] [PARITY=p] [DATA=d] [STOP=s] [RETRY=r]
Device Status:     MODE [device] [/STATUS]
Redirect printing: MODE LPTn[:]=COMm[:]
Prepare code page: MODE device CP PREPARE=((yyy[...]) [drive:][path]filename)
Select code page:  MODE device CP SELECT=yyy
Refresh code page: MODE device CP REFRESH
Code page status:  MODE device CP [/STATUS]
Display mode:      MODE [display-adapter][,n]
                   MODE CON[:] [COLS=c] [LINES=n]
Typematic rate:    MODE CON[:] [RATE=r DELAY=d]

MORE

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays output one screen at a time.
MORE < [drive:][path]filename
command-name | MORE

  [drive:][path]filename  Specifies a file to display one screen at a time.
  command-name            Specifies a command whose output will be displayed.

MOVE

External – DOS 6.0 and above

Moves files and renames files and directories.
To move one or more files:
MOVE [/Y | /-Y] [drive:][path]filename1[,...] destination
To rename a directory:
MOVE [drive:][path]dirname1 dirname2

  /Y        Suppresses prompting to confirm overwriting of the destination.
  /-Y       Causes prompting to confirm overwriting of the destination.
            The switch /Y may be present in the COPYCMD environment variable.
            This may be overridden with /-Y on the command line.

  [drive:][path]filename1 Specifies the location and name of the file
                          or files you want to move.
  destination             Specifies the new location of the file. Destination
                          can consist of a drive letter and colon, a directory
                          name, or a combination. If you are moving only one
                          file, you can also include a filename if you want
                          to rename the file when you move it.
  [drive:][path]dirname1  Specifies the directory you want to rename.
  dirname2                Specifies the new name of the directory.

MSCDEX

External – DOS 6.0 and above

Loads the CD-ROM support utility.
MSCDEX /D:driver ... [/E] [/K] [/L:letter] [/M:buffers] [/S] [/V]

  /D:driver   Specifies name of CD-ROM driver
  /E          Load buffers in expanded memory (EMS)
  /K          Load Kanji support
  /L:letter   Specifies first drive letter to use
  /M:buffers  Specifies number of sector buffers
  /S          Load server environment support
  /V          Display verbose memory usage statistics

MSD

External – MS-DOS 6.0 and above

Provides detailed technical information about your computer.
MSD [/I] [/F[drive:][path]filename] [/P[drive:][path]filename]
    [/S[drive:][path][filename]]

MSD [/B][/I]

  /B                         Runs MSD using a black and white color scheme.
  /I                         Bypasses initial hardware detection.
  /F[drive:][path]filename   Requests input and writes an MSD report to the
                             specified file.
  /P[drive:][path]filename   Writes an MSD report to the specified file
                             without first requesting input.
  /S[drive:][path][filename] Writes a summary MSD report to the specified
                             file. If no filename is specified, output is to
                             the screen.

MSD is only included with MS-DOS versions, PC DOS uses QCONFIG.

NLSFUNC

External – DOS 3.3 and above

Loads country-specific information.
NLSFUNC [[drive:][path]filename]

  [drive:][path]filename   Specifies the file containing country-specific
                           information.

PATH

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PATH [[drive:]path[;...]]
PATH ;

Type PATH ; to clear all search-path settings and direct DOS to search
only in the current directory.
Type PATH without parameters to display the current path.

PAUSE

Internal – DOS 1.0 and above

Suspends processing of a batch program and displays the message “Press any key to continue….”
PAUSE

PAUSE originated as an internal command in 86-DOS.

POWER

External – DOS 5.02 and above

Reduces power used by your computer.
POWER [ADV[:MAX | REG | MIN] | STD | OFF]

  ADV[:MAX | REG | MIN] --  Reduces power by  monitoring applications
      and hardware devices. MAX provides the most power conservation,
      REG  provides average power conservation,  and MIN provides the
      least conservation.
  STD -- Reduces power by monitoring hardware devices.
  OFF -- Turns off power management.

POWER.EXE must be loaded as a device driver in CONFIG.SYS in order to use this command.

PRINT

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Prints a text file while you are using other DOS commands.
PRINT [/D:device] [/B:size] [/U:ticks1] [/M:ticks2] [/S:ticks3]
      [/Q:qsize] [/T] [[drive:][path]filename[ ...]] [/C] [/P]

  /D:device   Specifies a print device.
  /B:size     Sets the internal buffer size, in bytes.
  /U:ticks1   Waits the specified maximum number of clock ticks for the printer
              to be available.
  /M:ticks2   Specifies the maximum number of clock ticks it takes to print a
              character.
  /S:ticks3   Allocates the scheduler the specified number of clock ticks for
              background printing.
  /Q:qsize    Specifies the maximum number of files allowed in the print queue.
  /T          Removes all files from the print queue.
  /C          Cancels printing of the preceding filename and subsequent
              filenames.
  /P          Adds the preceding filename and subsequent filenames to the print
              queue.

Type PRINT without parameters to display the contents of the print queue.

PROMPT

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Changes the DOS command prompt.
PROMPT [text]

  text    Specifies a new command prompt.

Prompt can be made up of normal characters and the following special codes:

  $Q   = (equal sign)
  $$   $ (dollar sign)
  $T   Current time
  $D   Current date
  $P   Current drive and path
  $V   DOS version number
  $N   Current drive
  $G   > (greater-than sign)
  $L   < (less-than sign)
  $B   | (pipe)
  $H   Backspace (erases previous character)
  $E   Escape code (ASCII code 27)
  $_   Carriage return and linefeed

Type PROMPT without parameters to reset the prompt to the default setting.

QBASIC

External – MS-DOS 5.0 and above

Further information: QBASIC
Starts the MS-DOS QBasic programming environment.
QBASIC [/B] [/EDITOR] [/G] [/H] [/MBF] [/NOHI] [[/RUN] [drive:][path]filename]

  /B          Allows use of a monochrome monitor with a color graphics card.
  /EDITOR     Starts the MS-DOS editor.
  /G          Provides the fastest update of a CGA screen.
  /H          Displays the maximum number of lines possible for your hardware.
  /MBF        Converts the built-in functions MKS$, MKD$, CVS, and CVD to
              MKSMBF$, MKDMBF$, CVSMBF, and CVDMBF, respectively.
  /NOHI       Allows the use of a monitor without high-intensity support.
  /RUN        Runs the specified Basic program before displaying it.
  [[drive:][path]filename] Specifies the program file to load or run.

QBASIC replaces GW-BASIC from earlier versions of DOS.

QCONFIG

External – PC DOS 6.1 and above

Displays detailed technical information about your computer.
QCONFIG [/?][/A][/C][/D][/E][/I][/O[file]][/P][/Q] [key="text"]

   /?      Displays this help information.
   /A      Displays all Micro Channel adapters supported by QCONFIG.
   /C      Displays additional detail on async ports.
   /D      Displays a detailed listing of hardware.
   /E      Displays current environment.
   /I      Displays CONFIG.SYS & AUTOEXEC.BAT.
   /O      Redirects output to file QCONFIG.OUT.
   /Ofile  Redirects output to file (anyname).
   /P      Pauses the output between screens.
   /Q      Does not display redirect message.
key="text" Defines key with text to appear in output (must be last option).

QCONFIG is only included with PC DOS versions and replaces the Microsoft MSD utility.

RECOVER

External – DOS 2.0 to DOS 5.0

Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
RECOVER [drive:][path]filename
RECOVER drive:

REM

Internal – DOS 1.0 and above

Records comments (remarks) in a batch file or CONFIG.SYS.
REM [comment]

RENAME or REN

Internal – DOS 1.0 and above

Renames a file or files.
RENAME [drive:][path]filename1 filename2
REN [drive:][path]filename1 filename2

Note that you cannot specify a new drive or path for your destination file.

Use MOVE to move files from one directory to another, or to rename a directory.

RENAME (but not its alias REN) originated as an internal command in 86-DOS.

REPLACE

External – DOS 3.2 and above

Replaces files.
REPLACE [drive1:][path1]filename [drive2:][path2] [/A] [/P] [/R] [/W]
REPLACE [drive1:][path1]filename [drive2:][path2] [/P] [/R] [/S] [/W] [/U]

  [drive1:][path1]filename Specifies the source file or files.
  [drive2:][path2]         Specifies the directory where files are to be
                           replaced.
  /A                       Adds new files to destination directory. Cannot
                           use with /S or /U switches.
  /P                       Prompts for confirmation before replacing a file or
                           adding a source file.
  /R                       Replaces read-only files as well as unprotected
                           files.
  /S                       Replaces files in all subdirectories of the
                           destination directory. Cannot use with the /A
                           switch.
  /W                       Waits for you to insert a disk before beginning.
  /U                       Replaces (updates) only files that are older than
                           source files. Cannot use with the /A switch.

RESTORE

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Restores files that were backed up by using the BACKUP command.
RESTORE drive1: drive2:[path[filename]] [/S] [/P] [/B:date] [/A:date] [/E:time]
  [/L:time] [/M] [/N] [/D]

  drive1:  Specifies the drive on which the backup files are stored.
  drive2:[path[filename]]
           Specifies the file(s) to restore.
  /S       Restores files in all subdirectories in the path.
  /P       Prompts before restoring read-only files or files changed since
           the last backup (if appropriate attributes are set).
  /B       Restores only files last changed on or before the specified date.
  /A       Restores only files changed on or after the specified date.
  /E       Restores only files last changed at or earlier than the specified
           time.
  /L       Restores only files changed at or later than the specified time.
  /M       Restores only files changed since the last backup.
  /N       Restores only files that no longer exist on the destination disk.
  /D       Displays files on the backup disk that match specifications.

REXX

External – PC DOS 7

Further information: REXX
Execute a REXX program.
REXX filename [parameters]

  filename    Specifies the name of the REXX program to execute.
  parameters  Specifies any parameters for the REXX program.

REXXDUMP

External – PC DOS 7

Dump the variables of an active REXX procedure.
REXXDUMP

RMDIR or RD

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Removes (deletes) a directory.
RMDIR [drive:]path
RD [drive:]path

SCANDISK

External – MS-DOS 6.2 and above

Runs the ScanDisk disk-repair program.
To check and repair a drive, use the following syntax:
   SCANDISK [drive: | /ALL] [/CHECKONLY | /AUTOFIX [/NOSAVE]] [/SURFACE]
To check and repair an unmounted DriveSpace compressed volume file, use:
   SCANDISK drive:\DRVSPACE.nnn [/CHECKONLY | /AUTOFIX[/NOSAVE]]
To examine a file for fragmentation, use the following syntax:
   SCANDISK /FRAGMENT [drive:][path]filename
To undo repairs you made previously, use the following syntax:
   SCANDISK /UNDO [drive:]
For [drive:], specify the drive containing your Undo disk.

/ALL         Checks and repairs all local drives.
/AUTOFIX     Fixes damage without prompting.
/CHECKONLY   Checks a drive, but does not repair any damage.
/CUSTOM      Configures and runs ScanDisk according to SCANDISK.INI settings.
/NOSAVE      With /AUTOFIX, deletes lost clusters rather than saving as files.
/NOSUMMARY   With /CHECKONLY or /AUTOFIX, prevents ScanDisk from stopping at
                    summary screens.
/SURFACE     Performs a surface scan after other checks.
/MONO        Configures ScanDisk for use with a monochrome display.

To check and repair the current drive, type SCANDISK without parameters.

Scandisk is only included with MS-DOS versions.

SET

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays, sets, or removes DOS environment variables.
SET [variable=[string]]

  variable  Specifies the environment-variable name.
  string    Specifies a series of characters to assign to the variable.

Type SET without parameters to display the current environment variables.

SETVER

External – DOS 5.0 and above

Sets the version number that DOS reports to a program.
Display current version table:  SETVER [drive:path]
Add entry:                      SETVER [drive:path] filename n.nn
Delete entry:                   SETVER [drive:path] filename /DELETE [/QUIET]

  [drive:path]    Specifies location of the SETVER.EXE file.
  filename        Specifies the filename of the program.
  n.nn            Specifies the DOS version to be reported to the program.
  /DELETE or /D   Deletes the version-table entry for the specified program.
  /QUIET          Hides the message typically displayed during deletion of
                  version-table entry.

SETVER.EXE must be loaded as a device driver in CONFIG.SYS in order to use this command. While the internal version setting functionality was present in DOS 4, the SETVER command did not appear until DOS 5.

SHARE

External – DOS 3.0 and above

Installs file-sharing and locking capabilities on your hard disk.
SHARE [/F:space] [/L:locks] [/NOHMA]

  /F:space   Allocates file space (in bytes) for file-sharing information.
  /L:locks   Sets the number of files that can be locked at one time.
  /NOHMA     Don't load code into the HMA.

/NOHMA is only available in PC DOS 7.

SHIFT

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file.
SHIFT

SMARTDRV

External – DOS 6.0 and above

Installs and configures the SMARTDrive disk-caching utility.
SMARTDRV [/X] [[drive[+|-]]...] [/U] [/C | /R] [/L] [/V | /Q | /S]
         [InitCacheSize [WinCacheSize]] [/E:ElementSize] [/B:BufferSize]

/X              Disables write-behind caching for all drives.
drive           Sets caching options on specific drive(s). The specified
                drive(s) will have write-caching disabled unless you add +.
+               Enables write-behind caching for the specified drive.
-               Disables all caching for the specified drive.
/U              Do not load CD-ROM caching module.
/C              Writes all information currently in write-cache to hard disk.
/R              Clears the cache and restarts SMARTDrive.
/L              Prevents SMARTDrive from loading itself into upper memory.
/V              Displays SMARTDrive status messages when loading.
/Q              Does not display status information.
/S              Displays additional information about SMARTDrive's status.
InitCacheSize   Specifies XMS memory (KB) for the cache.
WinCacheSize    Specifies XMS memory (KB) for the cache with Windows.
/E:ElementSize  Specifies how many bytes of information to move at one time.
/B:BufferSize   Specifies the size of the read-ahead buffer.

SORT

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Sorts input and writes results to the screen, a file, or another device.
SORT [/R] [/+n] < [drive1:][path1]filename1 [> [drive2:][path2]filename2]
[command |] SORT [/R] [/+n] [> [drive2:][path2]filename2]

  /R                         Reverses the sort order; that is, sorts Z to A,
                             then 9 to 0.
  /+n                        Sorts the file according to characters in
                             column n.
  [drive1:][path1]filename1  Specifies a file to be sorted.
  [drive2:][path2]filename2  Specifies a file where the sorted input is to be
                             stored.
  command                    Specifies a command whose output is to be sorted.

SUBST

External – DOS 3.1 and above

Associates a path with a drive letter.
SUBST [drive1: [drive2:]path]
SUBST drive1: /D

  drive1:        Specifies a virtual drive to which you want to assign a path.
  [drive2:]path  Specifies a physical drive and path you want to assign to
                 a virtual drive.
  /D             Deletes a substituted (virtual) drive.

Type SUBST with no parameters to display a list of current virtual drives.

SYS

External – DOS 1.0 and above

Copies DOS system files and command interpreter to a disk you specify.
SYS [drive1:][path] drive2:

  [drive1:][path] Specifies the location of the system files.
  drive2:         Specifies the drive the files are to be copied to.

SYS originated as an external command in 86-DOS.

TIME

External – DOS 1.0
Internal – DOS 1.1 and above

Displays or sets the system time.
TIME [time]

Type TIME with no parameters to display the current time setting and a prompt
for a new one.  Press ENTER to keep the same time.

TREE

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TREE [drive:][path] [/F] [/A]

  /F   Displays the names of the files in each directory.
  /A   Uses ASCII instead of extended characters.

TRUENAME

Internal – DOS 4.0 and above

Returns a fully qualified filename.
TRUENAME [drive:][path]filename

This command was undocumented in DOS 3.x.

TYPE

Internal – DOS 1.0 and above

Displays the contents of a text file.
TYPE [drive:][path]filename

TYPE originated as an internal command in 86-DOS.

UNDELETE

External – DOS 5.0 and above

Restores files previously deleted with the DEL command.
UNDELETE [[drive:][path]filename] [/DT | /DS | /DOS]
UNDELETE [/LIST | /ALL | /PURGE[DRIVE] | /STATUS | /LOAD | /UNLOAD
          /S[DRIVE] | /T[DRIVE]-entrys ]]

  /LIST                Lists the deleted files available to be recovered.
  /ALL                 Recovers files without prompting for confirmation.
  /DOS                 Recovers files listed as deleted by MS-DOS.
  /DT                  Recovers files protected by Delete Tracker.
  /DS                  Recovers files protected by Delete Sentry.
  /LOAD                Loads Undelete into memory for delete protection.
  /UNLOAD              Unloads Undelete from memory.
  /PURGE[drive]        Purges all files in the Delete Sentry directory.
  /STATUS              Display the protection method in effect for each drive.
  /S[drive]            Enables Delete Sentry method of protection.
  /T[drive][-entrys]   Enables Delete Tracking method of protection.

UNDELETE is licensed from Central Point Software PC Tools

UNFORMAT

External – DOS 5.0 and above

Restores a disk erased by the FORMAT command.
UNFORMAT drive: [/J]
UNFORMAT drive: [/U] [/L] [/TEST] [/P]
UNFORMAT /PARTN [/L]

  drive:   Specifies the drive to unformat.
  /J       Verifies that the mirror files agree with the system information
           on the disk.
  /U       Unformats without using MIRROR files.
  /L       Lists all file and directory names found, or, when used with the
           /PARTN switch, displays current partition tables.
  /TEST    Displays information but does not write changes to disk.
  /P       Sends output messages to printer connected to LPT1.
  /PARTN   Restores disk partition tables.

UNFORMAT is licensed from Central Point Software PC Tools

VER

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays the DOS version.
VER

The undocumented /R switch displays the revision level and where DOS is loaded (low, HMA or ROM) in DOS 5 and above.

Version returned:

  • MS-DOS up to 6.22, typically derive the DOS version from the DOS kernel. This may be different from the string it prints when it starts.
  • PC DOS typically derive the version from an internal string in COMMAND.COM (so PC DOS 6.1 COMMAND.COM reports the version as 6.10, although the kernel version is 6.00.)
  • DR-DOS reports whatever value the reserved environment variable VER holds.

VERIFY

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Tells DOS whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VERIFY [ON | OFF]

Type VERIFY without a parameter to display the current VERIFY setting.

VOL

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays the disk volume label and serial number, if they exist.
VOL [drive:]

XCOPY

External – DOS 3.2 and above

Copy entire directory trees.
XCOPY [/Y|/-Y] source [destination] [/A|/M] [/D:date] [/P] [/S] [/E] [/V] [/W]
  source       Specifies the file(s) to copy.
  destination  Specifies the location and/or name of new files.
  /A           Copies files with the archive attribute set,
               doesn't change the attribute.
  /M           Copies files with the archive attribute set,
               turns off the archive attribute.
  /D:date      Copies files changed on or after the specified date.
  /P           Prompts you before creating each destination file.
  /S           Copies directories and subdirectories except empty ones.
  /E           Copies any subdirectories, even if empty.
  /V           Verifies each new file.
  /W           Prompts you to press a key before copying.
  /Y           Suppresses prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
               existing destination file.
  /-Y          Causes prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
               existing destination file.

The switch /Y may be preset in the COPYCMD environment variable.
This may be overridden with /-Y on the command line

/Y and /-Y are only available in DOS 6 and above.

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