सभी MS DOS कमांड्स की लिस्ट ( भाग-2 )



Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays messages, or turns command-echoing on or off.
  ECHO [message]

Type ECHO without parameters to display the current echo setting.


External – MS-DOS 5.0 and above

Starts the MS-DOS editor, which creates and changes ASCII files.
EDIT [[drive:][path]filename] [/B] [/G] [/H] [/NOHI]

  [drive:][path]filename  Specifies the ASCII file to edit.
  /B          Allows use of a monochrome monitor with a color graphics card.
  /G          Provides the fastest update of a CGA screen.
  /H          Displays the maximum number of lines possible for your hardware.
  /NOHI       Allows the use of a monitor without high-intensity support.

PC DOS 6.1 and later use the E editor.


External – DOS 1.0 and above

Line-oriented text editor.
EDLIN [drive:][path]filename [/B]

  /B   Ignores end-of-file (CTRL+Z) characters.

EDLIN originated as an external command in 86-DOS.


External – PC DOS 5.02 and above

Ejects the media from a drive.
EJECT [drive:]

EJECT is only included with PC DOS versions.


External – DOS 5.0 and above

Turns on or off EMM386 expanded memory support.
EMM386 [ON | OFF | AUTO] [W=ON | W=OFF]

  ON | OFF | AUTO      Activates or suspends EMM386.EXE device driver,
                       or places it in auto mode.
  W=ON | OFF           Turns on or off Weitek coprocessor support.

EMM386.EXE must be loaded as a device driver in CONFIG.SYS in order to use this command.


External – DOS 1.0 and above

Converts .EXE (executable) files to binary format.
EXE2BIN [drive1:][path1]input-file [[drive2:][path2]output-file]

  input-file   Specifies the .EXE file to be converted.
  output-file  Specifies the binary file to be created.


Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Quits the COMMAND.COM program (command interpreter).


External – DOS 3.3 to DOS 6.3

Decreases the amount of time needed to open frequently used files and directories.
FASTOPEN drive:[[=]n] [drive:[[=]n][ ...]] [/X]

  drive:  Specifies the hard disk drive you want Fastopen to work with.
  n       Specifies the maximum number of file locations Fastopen retains
          in its filename cache.
  /X      Creates the filename cache in expanded memory.


External – DOS 3.3 and above

Compares two files or sets of files and displays the differences between them.
FC [/A] [/C] [/L] [/LBn] [/N] [/T] [/W] [/nnnn] [drive1:][path1]filename1
FC /B [drive1:][path1]filename1 [drive2:][path2]filename2

  /A     Displays only first and last lines for each set of differences.
  /B     Performs a binary comparison.
  /C     Disregards the case of letters.
  /L     Compares files as ASCII text.
  /LBn   Sets the maximum consecutive mismatches to the specified number of
  /N     Displays the line numbers on an ASCII comparison.
  /T     Does not expand tabs to spaces.
  /W     Compresses white space (tabs and spaces) for comparison.
  /nnnn  Specifies the number of consecutive lines that must match after a


External – DOS 2.0 and above

Configures a hard disk for use with DOS.

    /STATUS     Displays the status of the fixed disk drive


External – DOS 2.0 and above

Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FIND [/V] [/C] [/N] [/I] [/S] "string" [[drive:][path]filename[ ...]]

  /V        Displays all lines NOT containing the specified string.
  /C        Displays only the count of lines containing the string.
  /N        Displays line numbers with the displayed lines.
  /I        Ignores the case of characters when searching for the string.
  /S        Search subdirectories also.
  "string"  Specifies the text string to find.
            Specifies a file or files to search.

If a pathname is not specified, FIND searches the text typed at the prompt
or piped from another command.

/S is only available in PC DOS 7. Also PC DOS 7 allows the use of wildcards

in filenames while prior versions do not.


Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FOR %variable IN (set) DO command [command-parameters]

  %variable  Specifies a replaceable parameter.
  (set)      Specifies a set of one or more files.  Wildcards may be used.
  command    Specifies the command to carry out for each file.
             Specifies parameters or switches for the specified command.

To use the FOR command in a batch program, specify %%variable instead of


External – DOS 1.0 and above

Formats a disk for use with DOS.
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/F:size] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/T:tracks /N:sectors] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/1] [/4] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/Q] [/U] [/1] [/4] [/8] [/B | /S] [/C]

  /V[:label]  Specifies the volume label.
  /Q          Performs a quick format.
  /U          Performs an unconditional format.
  /F:size     Specifies the size of the floppy disk to format (such
              as 160, 180, 320, 360, 720, 1.2, 1.44, 2.88).
  /B          Allocates space on the formatted disk for system files.
  /S          Copies system files to the formatted disk.
  /T:tracks   Specifies the number of tracks per disk side.
  /N:sectors  Specifies the number of sectors per track.
  /1          Formats a single side of a floppy disk.
  /4          Formats a 5.25-inch 360K floppy disk in a high-density drive.
  /8          Formats eight sectors per track.
  /C          Revert to less conservative handling of bad blocks.

/Q and /U are only available in DOS 5 and above. /C is only available in DOS 6 and above.


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