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सभी MS DOS कमांड्स की लिस्ट ( भाग-2 )

By: एडिटर   22 September, 2012

dos-commands-list-2

ECHO

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Displays messages, or turns command-echoing on or off.
  ECHO [ON | OFF]
  ECHO [message]

Type ECHO without parameters to display the current echo setting.

EDIT

External – MS-DOS 5.0 and above

Starts the MS-DOS editor, which creates and changes ASCII files.
EDIT [[drive:][path]filename] [/B] [/G] [/H] [/NOHI]

  [drive:][path]filename  Specifies the ASCII file to edit.
  /B          Allows use of a monochrome monitor with a color graphics card.
  /G          Provides the fastest update of a CGA screen.
  /H          Displays the maximum number of lines possible for your hardware.
  /NOHI       Allows the use of a monitor without high-intensity support.

PC DOS 6.1 and later use the E editor.

EDLIN

External – DOS 1.0 and above

Line-oriented text editor.
EDLIN [drive:][path]filename [/B]

  /B   Ignores end-of-file (CTRL+Z) characters.

EDLIN originated as an external command in 86-DOS.

EJECT

External – PC DOS 5.02 and above

Ejects the media from a drive.
EJECT [drive:]

EJECT is only included with PC DOS versions.

EMM386

External – DOS 5.0 and above

Turns on or off EMM386 expanded memory support.
EMM386 [ON | OFF | AUTO] [W=ON | W=OFF]

  ON | OFF | AUTO      Activates or suspends EMM386.EXE device driver,
                       or places it in auto mode.
  W=ON | OFF           Turns on or off Weitek coprocessor support.

EMM386.EXE must be loaded as a device driver in CONFIG.SYS in order to use this command.

EXE2BIN

External – DOS 1.0 and above

Converts .EXE (executable) files to binary format.
EXE2BIN [drive1:][path1]input-file [[drive2:][path2]output-file]

  input-file   Specifies the .EXE file to be converted.
  output-file  Specifies the binary file to be created.

EXIT

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Quits the COMMAND.COM program (command interpreter).
EXIT

FASTOPEN

External – DOS 3.3 to DOS 6.3

Decreases the amount of time needed to open frequently used files and directories.
FASTOPEN drive:[[=]n] [drive:[[=]n][ ...]] [/X]

  drive:  Specifies the hard disk drive you want Fastopen to work with.
  n       Specifies the maximum number of file locations Fastopen retains
          in its filename cache.
  /X      Creates the filename cache in expanded memory.

FC

External – DOS 3.3 and above

Compares two files or sets of files and displays the differences between them.
FC [/A] [/C] [/L] [/LBn] [/N] [/T] [/W] [/nnnn] [drive1:][path1]filename1
  [drive2:][path2]filename2
FC /B [drive1:][path1]filename1 [drive2:][path2]filename2

  /A     Displays only first and last lines for each set of differences.
  /B     Performs a binary comparison.
  /C     Disregards the case of letters.
  /L     Compares files as ASCII text.
  /LBn   Sets the maximum consecutive mismatches to the specified number of
         lines.
  /N     Displays the line numbers on an ASCII comparison.
  /T     Does not expand tabs to spaces.
  /W     Compresses white space (tabs and spaces) for comparison.
  /nnnn  Specifies the number of consecutive lines that must match after a
         mismatch.

FDISK

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Configures a hard disk for use with DOS.
FDISK [/STATUS]

    /STATUS     Displays the status of the fixed disk drive

FIND

External – DOS 2.0 and above

Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FIND [/V] [/C] [/N] [/I] [/S] "string" [[drive:][path]filename[ ...]]

  /V        Displays all lines NOT containing the specified string.
  /C        Displays only the count of lines containing the string.
  /N        Displays line numbers with the displayed lines.
  /I        Ignores the case of characters when searching for the string.
  /S        Search subdirectories also.
  "string"  Specifies the text string to find.
  [drive:][path]filename
            Specifies a file or files to search.

If a pathname is not specified, FIND searches the text typed at the prompt
or piped from another command.

/S is only available in PC DOS 7. Also PC DOS 7 allows the use of wildcards

in filenames while prior versions do not.

FOR

Internal – DOS 2.0 and above

Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FOR %variable IN (set) DO command [command-parameters]

  %variable  Specifies a replaceable parameter.
  (set)      Specifies a set of one or more files.  Wildcards may be used.
  command    Specifies the command to carry out for each file.
  command-parameters
             Specifies parameters or switches for the specified command.

To use the FOR command in a batch program, specify %%variable instead of
%variable.

FORMAT

External – DOS 1.0 and above

Formats a disk for use with DOS.
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/F:size] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/T:tracks /N:sectors] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/U] [/1] [/4] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/Q] [/U] [/1] [/4] [/8] [/B | /S] [/C]

  /V[:label]  Specifies the volume label.
  /Q          Performs a quick format.
  /U          Performs an unconditional format.
  /F:size     Specifies the size of the floppy disk to format (such
              as 160, 180, 320, 360, 720, 1.2, 1.44, 2.88).
  /B          Allocates space on the formatted disk for system files.
  /S          Copies system files to the formatted disk.
  /T:tracks   Specifies the number of tracks per disk side.
  /N:sectors  Specifies the number of sectors per track.
  /1          Formats a single side of a floppy disk.
  /4          Formats a 5.25-inch 360K floppy disk in a high-density drive.
  /8          Formats eight sectors per track.
  /C          Revert to less conservative handling of bad blocks.

/Q and /U are only available in DOS 5 and above. /C is only available in DOS 6 and above.

 

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